Major Anderson, who was not physically wounded during the Battle of Fort Sumter, was still a victim. The pressure of responsibility to end peaceful relations with South Carolina, and then with the Confederate States of America as the Union government fluctuated, had ruined him emotionally and physically. This made him a victim of the battle, as if he had been seriously wounded in the bombing. He returned to New York, where he was celebrated and celebrated, his name having become a conceptual word. Despite official requests, he was unable to write his account of the Battle of Fort Sumter. He left someone else the choice to pretend a single sentence that conveyed the Major`s statement to Secretary of War Cameron. The brevity of the report reflected Major Anderson`s mixed feelings of pride and failure in his attempt to hold and defend Fort Sumter. Gist and President James Buchanan violated the fact that no reinforcements would be sent to Fort Sumter. Major Anderson replied that these were not reinforcements, but only a transfer of his command to another fort, which he was authorized to do as commander of the port. He did not seem to have heard of the unwred agreement mentioned by Colonel Pettigrew of South Carolina. The movement of fresh and armed troops into a fort would normally be considered a reinforcement of the fort. On March 4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln was sworn in as president.
He was almost immediately confronted with the surprising information that Major Anderson reported that there were only six weeks of rations left at Fort Sumter. A crisis similar to Fort Sumter had arisen in Pensacola, Florida, where the Confederates were threatening another American fortress – Fort Pickens. Lincoln and his new cabinet struggled to decide whether and how the forts should be strengthened. They also wonder whether they should take measures that could trigger open hostilities and which side would be perceived as the aggressor. Similar discussions and concerns have taken place within the Confederation.   Conditions in the fortress were difficult in the winter of 1860-1861. Rations were short and fuel for heat was limited. The garrison tried to complete the defense as best as possible. Fort Sumter was designed for 135 guns operated by 650 officers and men, but construction had experienced many delays for decades and budget cuts meant that it was only about 90% complete by early 1861. Anderson`s garrison consisted of only 85 men, consisting mainly of two small artillery companies: Company E, 1. American artillery under the command of Captain Abner Doubleday and Company H under the command of Captain Truman Seymour.
Six other officers were present: Surgeon Samuel W. Crawford, First Lieutenant Theodore Talbot of H Company, First Lieutenant Jefferson C. Davis of the 1st U.S. Artillery, and Second Lieutenant Norman J. Hall of H. Capt Company. John G. Foster and First Lieutenant George W. Snyder of the Corps of Engineers were responsible for building the Charleston forts, but they reported to their headquarters in Washington, D.C., not directly to Anderson. The rest of the staff consisted of 68 non-commissioned officers and soldiers, eight musicians and 43 non-combinators. Of course, in the spring of 1861, no one could have foreseen the stultifying human cost of the Four Years` War or its outcome. .