Many Americans argued with the school board that the separation of schools was contrary to the 1894 treaty, which did not explicitly address education, but indicated that the Japanese would obtain equal rights in America. According to the U.S. Supreme Court review decisions (Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896), a state did not violate the equality clause of the U.S. Constitution by imposing racial segregation as long as the various institutions are essentially equal. Tokyo newspapers have denounced segregation as an insult to Japanese pride and honour. The Japanese government wanted to protect its reputation as a world power. Government officials became aware of the crisis and intervention was needed to maintain diplomatic peace.  Restrictions on Japanese immigration were deemed necessary following an influx of Japanese workers into British Columbia and a wave of anti-Asian sentiment in the province. More than 8,000 Japanese immigrants arrived in Canada in the first ten months of 1907, a dramatic increase over previous years.  Reports that the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway planned to import thousands more Japanese workers to work on the western part of the railway fuelled the anti-Asian atmosphere. Hostility towards the Asian population turned violent at an Asian Exclusion League rally in Vancouver in 1907. The crowd turned into an uncontrollable mob that targeted the city`s Chinese and Japanese residents and destroyed their personal belongings.  After the passage of the Immigration Act of 1924, a new exclusionary organization, known as the California Joint Immigration Committee, was created to coordinate the anti-Japanese movement. It has been supported by several nativist organizations, such as the Native Sons, the American Legion, the American Laboratory Federation and the Grange. McClatchy continued his nativist work for this group until his death in 1936, but the cross-fervor of most imitators no longer won any victories in peacetime.  In English contract law, for an agreement to be binding, an agreement must be considered to establish legal relations; but in commercial transactions (i.e. agreements that do not exist between family members or friends), there is a legal presumption of “intent to establish legal relations”. In the 1925 case of Rose and Frank Co.
v. JR Crompton – Bros Ltd., however, the House of Lords found that the phrase ” “This regulation is not … a formal or legal agreement … is only a record of the parties` intention “was sufficient to rebut this presumption.  In a report by the U.S. House of Representatives detailing its investigation into the United States Steel Corporation, it was stated that in the 1890s there were two general types of bulk associations or consolidations between steel and ferrous interests in which the various groups held ownership, as well as a high degree of independence: the “pool” and the “gentleman`s agreement.”  The latter type lacked a formal organisation to regulate production or prices or forfeiture rules in the event of infringement.  The effectiveness of the agreement relied on members to meet informal commitments.  The Gentlemen`s Agreement of 1907 (紳協) was an informal agreement between the United States of America and the Empire of Japan, under which the United States would not allow restrictions on Japanese immigration and Japan would not allow emigration to the United States.