The first mass arrests and show trials specifically directed against Soviet Germans (those considered counter-revolutionaries) took place in the Soviet Union during the Ukrainian terror of 1933. With the decree of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Whole Union (b) of November 5, 1934, however, the German internal campaign took on trade union dimensions.  The terms of the German-Soviet non-aggression pact were briefly as follows: the two countries agreed not to attack the other, either independently or in conjunction with other powers; not support a third power that could attack the other party to the pact; to remain in consultation with one another on matters affecting their common interests; not to join a group of powers that directly or indirectly threatens either party; resolve any dispute between the two through negotiation or arbitration. The pact is expected to last 10 years, with automatic renewal for an additional 5 years, unless one of the parties terminates it 1 year before it expires. By invading Poland and annexing the Baltic states, Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union eliminated the buffer states among themselves and increased the danger of war.  The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Nazi-Soviet Pact, was a neutrality pact between Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, signed in Moscow on August 23, 1939 by Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop and Vyacheslav Molotov, respectively. German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, also known as the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, German-Soviet Non-Aggression Treaty, Hitler-Stalin Pact, Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, (23. August 1939), a non-aggression pact between Germany and the Soviet Union, concluded just days before the start of World War II and intended to divide Eastern Europe into German and Soviet spheres of influence. Nearly two years later, when the Wehrmacht was ready to attack on the morning of June 22, 1941, grain trains from the Soviet Union were still arriving at border stations.3 Given German war intentions, this was difficult to understand. In any case, this meant the end of the intensive economic cooperation between Germany and the Soviet Union, which had developed since the autumn of 1939. Apart from that, the liquidation of Soviet supplies of raw materials until the last hours before the German attack was the dramatic end of Stalin`s misguided German policy that brought the Soviet Union to the brink of disaster. From April to July, Soviet and German officials made statements on the possibility of starting political negotiations, but no real negotiations took place.  “The Soviet Union had wanted good relations with Germany for years and was happy that this feeling was finally reciprocal,” wrote historian Gerhard L.