Ellen Woolford. 1999. `To learn more about the Anaphor-Effekt effect`, Linguistic Inquiry 30, 257-287. Secondary words are also divided into a non-marital class that contains grammatical particles (詞 joshi) and counterwords (数詞 Josshi) and a marital class composed of auxiliary verbs (動詞 jod-shi). There is no broad agreement among linguists on the English translations of the terms mentioned above. Johnson, Kyle. Bridging the Gap, Ms., University of Massachusetts, Amherst. The kara particle and a related yori particle are used to indicate the lowest extensions: prices, opening hours, etc. The particle at the end of ka sentences transforms a declarative sentence into a question. Hasegawa, Nobuko.
Honorifics, Ms. Kanda University. Boeckx, Cedric. Epp Eliminated, P.L., University of Connecticut. [A revised version in N. Hornstein and J. Vriagereka (note), The Minimalist Fact, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.] The validity of the head is also required when sentences are coordinated instead of subordinate. In the languages of the world, it is customary to avoid repetitions between the coordinated clauses by removing as an option an element common to both parties, since bob bought some flowers from his mother and a tie to his father, where the second bought is omitted. In Japanese, such a “gapping” must precede in reverse order: Bob Mother bought for some flowers and father for tie. The reason is that in Japanese, sentences (except for inverted sentences or sentences that contain post-thoughts) always end with a verb (or other predictive words such as adjective verbs, adjectives, auxiliary verbs) – the only exceptions are a few particles of phrases like ka, ne and yo. The ka particle turns a statement into a question, while the others express the spokesman`s position on that statement.
David Perlmutter. 1971. Deep and Surface Constraints in Generative Grammar, Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, New York. Richard Kayne. 2001. Prepositions as a trial, ms, New York University. Boeckx, Cedric. 2003c. Subtleties of the Icelandic Agreement, Ms., University of Maryland. The continuous form of good adjectives, followed by polished forms such as ござ (, gozaru) be or zonjiru(O, know, think), goes through a transformation; This can be followed by historical sound changes that result in a change in sound in one or two steps.
Note that these verbs are almost invariably combined with the polished -masu (〜), such as gozaimasu (ござ) and zonjimasu (note the irregular conjugation of gozaru, see below), and that these verbs are preceded by the continative form – -〜 – of adjectives and not of final form – -i (〜) – used before the daily desu. Like other themes highlights the Japanese personal Daimeishi, which are rarely used. This is due, on the one hand, to the fact that Japanese phrases do not always require explicit themes and, on the other hand, to the fact that names or titles are often used where pronouns would appear in a translation: a common linguistic joke shows the inadequacy of the red translation with the phrase boku wa unagi da, which would be translated as “I am an eel”. (or ” (Ab) I am the agu”). Yet, in a restaurant, this phrase can reasonably be used to say “My order is angu” (or “I want to order an angurie”), without any intention of humor. That is because the sentence should be literal: “As far as I am concerned, it is an agu,” referring to the order of the spokesperson. The subject of the sentence is clearly not its subject. Bonet, Eulalia. 1994. `The Person-Case Constraint: Morphology or Syntax?`, in MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 22, MITWPL, Cambridge, MA, pp.